The Free Form Ironwood Walking Cane (Ironwood is also known as American Hornbeam) is a popular choice for those seeking an extremely strong stick coupled with a one-of-a-kind look and feel. Free Form Ironwood owners can feel confident with every step, as their ironwood cane will be an invaluable support that will offer reliability for years to come. Its bark -- resembling a deer antler -- is naturally ridged. The staff is carefully cut, sanded smoothly, and sprayed with a protective clear coat lacquer bringing out rich contrasts between darker areas (those deeper inside its ridges) and lighter areas of the bark. The oak handle is prepared with equal care, and affixed to the shaft with a timeless mortise and tenon joint for a strong, secure fit. The mortise and tenon method is known for its unusual strength, and has been used in wood working for centuries. Each cane comes with a standard rubber ferrule for a firm, secure grip on virtually any surface. Like all of our staffs and canes, this piece is handcrafted in the USA using the highest quality wood and time-tested methods.